The world’s cashmere clothing and industry trends

Cashmere is the world’s rare animals, rare specialty fiber, textile industry, high-grade raw materials, known as the “diamond fiber” and “soft gold.” It is the goats to ward off the cold in the mountains, a layer of wool and root growth of delicate and abundant hair, referred to as cashmere. The more cold weather, cashmere and more rich, more slender fibers. As the Kashmir region of Asia has historically been the hub of cashmere export to Europe, so cashmere in the international market accustomed to being known as Cashmere, China uses its homonym for “cashmere.” Compared with other fibers, cashmere has a gloss natural, soft, pure, gorgeous and so on.

1, the world wool industry overview
1. Production profile
The world’s major cashmere producing countries are China, Mongolia, Iran, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Turkey and other countries. China is the world’s largest producer of cashmere production, accounting for more than 70% of world output; Mongolian cashmere production of about 20%, there is rarely a part of cashmere production in the rest of the country. As an important economic value of cashmere and a variety of uses, since the 20th century, 70s, Australia, New Zealand, Scotland, the United States, also have begun to develop cashmere industry.

In China, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, Shanxi, Hebei, Shanxi, Shandong and Liaoning cashmere region is the main producing areas in China. Inner Mongolia is China’s largest number of cashmere goats, cashmere Cashmere advantage of the highest-producing areas. About the world cashmere production of 1 / 3 (Table 1), known as the “World cashmere look at China, look at Inner Mongolia Cashmere” consensus.

2. Quality Overview
The value of wool affected by three kinds of factors: fineness, length and color. International Textile industry demands for cashmere fineness with a diameter of 13.0 ~ 16.0 m for the best in the international market 16.0 m in diameter below the maximum length of a long cashmere prices, with the diameter of bold price also brought down. Colors are divided into Cashmere, blue velvet, Zi Rong, including Cashmere most precious, the world’s cashmere production accounts for only about 30%. Mongolian cashmere production, color to blue, violet-based, about 5% of White Cashmere, 70% of blue velvet and Zi Rong, length 35 ~ 37mm, fineness between 13 ~ 15 m. Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and other Central and West Asia countries produced velvet, color to dark mainly coarse fineness, length short, feel worse. Afghan cashmere fiber diameter of 16.5 ~ 17.5 m; Iran cashmere fiber diameter of 17.5 ~ 19 m, only textile and woolen cashmere products: cashmere fiber diameter of the Don in Russia 19.5 m; Turkey cashmere fiber diameter of 16 ~ 17 m: Australia feral cashmere fiber diameter of 16.5 ~ 16.9 m. China’s cashmere is not only a good fineness, fiber diameter of 13 ~ 15 m, and a higher proportion of white cashmere, accounting for about 40%.

In northern China, including Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning and other places, mainly produces more than the length of 34 ~ 42mm white dehaired cashmere. Is the main raw material for knitwear; the central part of Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shandong, Hebei and so on land. 22 ~ 32mm of dehaired cashmere products suitable for production of woolen woven products. Tibet Zirong to fineness 14.8 m, the length of 34mm to feel good, pure color and unique style, influenced by popular. Liaoning Cashmere goat Cashmere high volume of individuals. Alashan Inner Mongolia cashmere goats, cashmere goats Arbas, Erlang mountain goats, and Chifeng Saihan known Cashmere goats produce cashmere in Need “white in white” (the length of 36mm or more, fineness 15.3 m below) and Tibet Breeding of the northern Tibet since the production of Cashmere goats, quality Jia.

Second, the world’s cashmere industry’s trade status
United Kingdom, Italy, Japan, the United States and other countries are the world’s largest cashmere importer. According to “China Customs Statistics Yearbook,” Statistics show that in 2006, Italian imports of raw cashmere 2254t, British imports 408t, Japan, 345t, the United States due to the impact of slow economic growth, imports of raw cashmere less than usual.

For cashmere-exporting countries in 2006, exports of raw cashmere Mongolia 927t, export value of 22.224 million U.S. dollars: Kazakhstan out of 121389t, export value of 1.514 million U.S. dollars; Belgium out of 121318t, exports amounted to 2.264 million U.S. dollars: Turkey out of 121119t; Iran exported 115t. Read from the global pattern. Cashmere industry in recent years, great changes have taken place. The first is the United States to phase out large-scale production enterprises; followed by Japan, a lot of cashmere industry is shrinking. Because of their high cost, the Japanese textile industry have moved their factories produced in China. Dehaired cashmere imported from Japan in 1989 had 1000t, 2002, imports less than 400t. The traditional European cashmere producing countries such as Britain, Italy and other countries. Due to high labor costs, is also beginning to shift to the Chinese textile enterprises.

Precision Measuring Instruments Industry Association of Japan of 50 Years

Precision Measuring Instruments Industry Association of Japan in 1954 to create, in April 2004 ushered in its 50th anniversary. The establishment of industrial associations, so that measuring instrument manufacturers in the economy has been improved significantly. Japan, the world-class machinery products, precision measuring instruments built by the detection project, contributed to ensuring the high quality. Precision Measuring Instrument Industry Association of Japan’s 50-year history, worthy of our consideration and reference. ?
Industrial and scientific level of a country from its level of precision measuring instruments to be distinguished and distinguishing. In a country of science and technology and cultural progress, the measuring instruments and measurement techniques has played a significant role in the practice of Japan confirmed this. ?

Association to create history, to promote the development of the revitalization of Law

1. For the first time the revitalization of
Japan’s precision measuring tools, originally imported from Europe and America basically imported products, mainly to limit gauge. The late Meiji, the urgent need for military supplies and imports expanded greatly increased. Taisho-made precision measuring tools began to start domestic production of micrometer and limit gauges. ?
Since then, the invasion and during World War II military needs to expand due to the lack of advanced imported measuring instruments. In this case, poor performance and technology to replace imported equipment made in Japan, production has been developing.

2. The Second revitalization?

Korean War broke out 50 years, the various mechanical parts such as motor vehicles, increased demand for engine components, the Japanese machinery industry have been restored and developed, precision measuring instruments have been developed subsequently. 1954 annual turnover of 1.1 billion, five million yen, breaking the 1 billion yen mark, exports 7.44 million yen. Before that, measuring equipment industry, precision machinery system by the wartime control will be managed. Founded in 1948, Tool Industry Association of Japan, measuring instruments industry measurement tool in its subsidiary branch of the name activities. 1951, Japan implemented a new measurement method, but the new law in the development of measuring and testing methods and equipment manufacturers and users does not match the actual situation, differ greatly. After deliberation by the government authorities, April 26, 1954 set up a precision measuring instruments Industry Association of Japan, started its work. ?
Initial membership of 53 gauge manufacturers, which micrometer manufacturers have 10 to indicate table has nine factories, block gauge has four factories, gauge manufacturers have 30. ?

3. The third time the revitalization?

In 1956, the Japanese government promulgated the Provisional Measures Law, the revitalization of machinery industry, machinery industry, the Japanese post-war revival a large extent. To promote the modernization of production equipment, improve production efficiency and manufacturing technology, focus on developing 19 kinds of designated products, including the length of industrial design, precision measuring machines and testing machines. Thereafter in 1961, 1966 has been revised. Implementation of the Act until 1971, a total of 15 years, so that sustainable development of Japan’s machinery industry. During this period, the electronics industry in 1957, promulgated the Provisional Measures Law revitalization. Mechanical, electrical and two revitalization implementation of the law firms with comprehensive effect, in Japan, mechatronics, advanced manufacturing technology play an important role. Precision measuring instruments industry also take this opportunity, the successful expansion of the scale industrialization and development of the equipment absolute advantage import market gradually being replaced by domestic products. ?
Precision measuring instruments industry in 1956, output value of 11.1 billion yen, in the implementation of the revitalization of the law 15 years, the
value of continuous growth in output in 1970 reached 21.949 billion yen. ?

Development of industry standards, and actively implement TQC, organized trade shows, technical exchanges
Precision Measuring Instruments Industry Association of Japan set up five years later, at the 1959 formulation of JMAS industry product standards. In 1959 developed a common thread gauge Association Standards (JMAS4001), then in 1960 developed a pointer Micrometer Standard (JMAS5001), 1961 enacted the Micrometer Standard (JMAS1001) and instructions on table with a magnetic seat standard (JMAS2002), and in 1962 set the standard terminology of electronic micrometer (JMAS5002) seven industry associations such as industry standards. Development of these standards for Measurement of Japanese industrial technological upgrading equipment play an important role in enabling Japan to become the world rely on machinery, high-quality products. In addition, industry associations also test domestic and foreign products, product performance and market research, publish the relevant information. ?
From 1971 to 1973, due to the depreciation of the dollar and the oil crisis, precision instrument industry downturn, its impact extended to 1975 so that production fell to 17.829 billion yen. During this period, the market demands a light, small mechanical products, such as home appliances, personal computer up to automotive products, parts and precision, to the small sub-micron development, demanding precision measurement instruments. Electronic products and machinery products, active implementation of TQC total quality management, thereby increasing the reliability of Japanese products. ?
1987 precision measuring instruments Industry Association of Japan hosted the first International Precision Measurement Exhibition (biennial), which micron technology exhibition. Was also held seminars at home and abroad the latest technology. Into the 21st century, the micron technology exhibition and optical measurements by the Japan Industrial Association of All Japan Optical Measuring Instruments Exhibition were merged and renamed as the optical nano-technology exhibition, in June 2001 after the merger was held in Yokohama, the first exhibition. ?

The rise of technological innovation to promote market

50 years, the Japan Association of precision measuring instruments industrial development of the industry have done a lot for the positive and useful contribution to the constant pursuit of measuring instrument automation, high efficiency and quality of, for customer service and service as the Association for the production of development goals. ?
Overall, Japanese manufacturing precision measuring instruments to develop, from the annual output of 1 billion yen in 1968 increased to 100 billion yen, and then expand to 20 billion yen in 1970, Japan in 1978 to 30 billion Yuan, until the bubble of 1989 to 1990, during the more than 100 billion yen. ?
Introduction of new machinery, electronics, optical technology, continuous innovation and new product development to achieve the automation of measurement process, high-speed, high precision, diversity, digital, systematic, on-line technology and so on. New technologies, new products and open up new markets to win the majority of users.

Mould Industry Development Trend In The Future

Modern mold industry has good prospects for development. Modern mold industry is an integral part of the high-tech industry, has a very important role for the promotion of the manufacturing modernization. As the basis for the manufacturing sector, the modern mold industry is constantly absorbing scientific and technological achievements, high-tech, the application of information technology, new materials and new technology, the transformation and enhance the level of the mold manufacturing technology industry, promote manufacturing modernization. International Mould & Metal & Plastic Industry Suppliers Association official said that the mold industry has gone through the hands of the workshop manufacturing and industrial production stage, today has entered the third stage of modern production. The modern production stage is characterized by the use of high-tech and standardization. CNC machining equipment, based on highly standardized, achieve mold CAD / CAE / CAM production, up to micron level accuracy of its type of processing, according to the mold size and complexity, the production cycle is only 90 to 20 days or less. Standardized mold only conduct single-piece production molds, with special technical and economic significance. Mold standardization include: mold design parameters of standardization, the standardization of common parts and components, parameters, the serialized production mold prototype system architecture design and its parameters, which is a prerequisite to achieve mold CAD / CAE / CAM.
Mold industry has a wide range of market demand. The mold is a key process equipment for industrial production. In electronics, building materials, automobiles, motor, electrical, instrumentation, home appliances and communication equipment and other products, from 60% to 90% of the parts have to rely on the molding. The pillar industry of the national economy can not do without the use of molds to manufacture a wide variety of parts which requires the mold industrial development with suitable. In many the project of merchants introduction, the establishment of the project often depends on the size, capacity and level of the area of mold production. Modern mold industry is not only a large number of domestic demand, but there is a large international market. In recent years, the total annual sales of global mold has been for more than 650 billion U.S. dollars, including the United States, Japan, France, Switzerland and other countries export about 1/3 of the total output. About $ 20 billion in Asia, including China in recent 15 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 1/4 share of global mold. In mold product structure, China’s middle and low mold relative surplus, low cost-effectiveness, but the lack of the ability of high-grade mold. Each year need to import large quantities of large, sophisticated, complex, long-life mold.
World economic integration give China’s mold industry challenges and opportunities for development. Accelerate the realization of the modernization of the mold industry is an important guarantee to upgrade the manufacturing level and improve the manufacturing modernization, which in line with the country’s current industrial policy direction. Mold occupy an important position in the national economy, is a technology, capital, labor intensive industries. The developed countries have has been transferred the mold manufacturing to China. The influx of a large number of overseas mold enterprises brings advanced technology and modern management to promote technological advances of the traditional mold companies in China, but it also brings challenges. Although the level of mold design and manufacture behind the developed countries in general, gradually shrinking trend of the development of the industrial countries mold brought us unprecedented opportunities for development.
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